Lohr and Pearson-Mims have conducted a nationwide phone survey of 2004 adults in cities about their childhood experiences related to nature, and current action and attitudes towards trees. Researchers concluded that, “Growing up next to natural elements such as flower beds, visiting parks, taking environmental classes, and gardening during childhood were associated with stronger adult attitudes and more actions. Growing up next to urban elements, such as large buildings, had a small, but opposite, influence. (…) These results indicate that horticultural programs for children raised in urban surroundings with few or no plants can be effective in fostering an appreciation for gardening in adults.”

SOURCE: Lohr, V. I., & Pearson-Mims, C. H. (2005). Children’s active and passive interactions with plants influence their attitude and actions toward trees and gardening as adults. HortTechnology, 15(3), 472-476.